Types of draws in chess

Chess is a complex game. It is a game which we enjoy playing, but once we start playing it practically, we realize we cannot win every bad position. Some times we need to aim to make a draw. A win gives 1 point, draw gives 0.5 and a loss gives 0. When our opponents are strong, we realize that at times we have to bail out with a draw. A draw is not a bad result. Especially if we are losing.  There are various ways in which game leads to draws in chess. Today I try to cover all of them.

Draws in chess by repetition –

When a both the players are not willing to make progress in their position, they repeat moves. In this way the game ends in a draw. This usually happens in Grandmaster games as when they feel it is difficult to win, they decide to bail out with a draw.

Draw with perpectual check –

This type of draw in chess is commonly seen in puzzles. When one side has missed a winning line and the other side manages to make a comeback by giving perpectual checks. Here the side recieving checks is not able to escape from checks. So the game ends in a draw.

Photographic Draws in chess –

This is a draw which a player has to claim. Lets say a game is going on and the position currently on the board has been repeated 3 times but not in a sequence on same moves, for example, a position occured on move 61, 68 and 72. This can be a draw if it fulfills following conditions

a) No pawn moves since the position occured first time.

b) No captures since the position occured first time.

c) In all the three positions, the same player had his turn to make a move.

d) No en-passent option was available when the position occured first time.

e) Casteling was either possible to a player /to both players for all the 3 times, or it was not possible to a player /to both players for all the 3 times.

If all these conditions are fullfilled, then one can claim a draw.

50 moves rule –

50 moves rule comes with a common myth. As 50 and 15 sound similar, a lot of beginners confuse it that it is 15 move rule. The 50 move rule is that in any position (not just with just king left on one side) where there is no capture or pawn move of  straight 50 moves, it can be claimed as a draw. It states that the winning side lacks the skill to win a position.

Stalemate –

Stalemate is often seen in begineer level. Initially a lot of people end up stalemating their opponents. This happens due to lack of technique. Once you learn proper techniques of how to checkmate with a queen or a rook, then you rarely stalemate anyone. Also there are a lot of puzzles to stalemate. It is a useful defensive skill. One can increase his level of resourcefulness with such tricks.

Agreed draws in chess-

This needs not much of an explaination. Here one player offers a draw, while the other accepts. This is usually seen in last rounds where players aim to win some prize with peace. It also feels good when you can easily make a draw and win a tournament.

Draw due to insufficient winning material –

Draw also occurs when a side does not have a sufficient winning material. There are a lot of positions where material is insufficient to win. Example, A single Knighr or a single Bishop, or two knights cannot checkmate opponent king with the help of their own king.

So these are some of the ways to make  draws in chess. Do comment if you found this article helpful 🙂