Introduction of FIDE titles in chess

Hello, In this article we will see what are FIDE title and how you can get it. Getting fide titles is not an easy job and you have to work hard for it. Let’s quickly see what is FIDE.

FIDE ( Fédération Internationale des Échecs ) is an international organization based in Switzerland that connects the various national chess federations and acts as the governing body of international chess competition. Fide was founded in pairs in the year 1924. Currently, there are 195 federations are registered with FIDE. FIDE decides all rules of chess for international level tournaments.

Back to today’s article, Fide has created some titles after achieving a particular level in chess. There are also titles for arbiters such as IA and FA. Let’s see each title in detail.

Fide official logo


1- GrandMaster

Grandmaster is the highest level title in chess. The basic criteria to become a grandmaster is to reach your rating 2500 and score 3 Grandmaster norms. You can click here to get more details about the criteria to score norms. FIDE first awarded the grandmaster title to 27 players in 1950. To achieve the grandmaster title players have to study hard and get into a deep knowledge of chess.

When a player gets the grandmaster title, he becomes famous automatically in the chess world. Average grandmaster charges between 30$ to 60$ per hour for coaching and top grandmasters charge anywhere between 80$ to 250$. From playing full-time professional grandmaster who is below 2650 earns anywhere between 1500$ to 5000$ per month and a grandmaster who is above 2650 can earn anywhere between 3000$ to 15000$ per month.

2- International Master

To become an International master Player need to cross the 2400 FIDE rating and score 3 IM norms. You can click here to get more details about the criteria to score norms. Becoming an International Master is not also easy. Generally, a beginner can become IM in 7-10 years if studied properly and if all went well. International master Charges anywhere between 15$ to 50$. Of course, some are exceptions who charge as high as 100$. Generally, the beginner should try to learn from the International Master from the start of his career. International masters get some conditions in tournaments such as Free stay, Free entry, Free Boarding, etc. depends on the organizer.

3- Fide Master

When your Fide rating will reach 2300 then you can apply for this title. For fide master and candidate master title, you didn’t have to score any norms. Basically Fide master has a much lower value than International Master. Fide also awards this title to some players directly after winning or placing in top ranks in certain tournaments. Generally, a Fide master who is making money through full-time coaching earn around 10$ to 25$ per hour or 750$ to 3000$ per month

4- Candidate Master

When the player reaches the 2200 fide rating, He can apply for a candidate master title. Fide also gives the title to many players who win certain tournaments. Generally, a candidate master who is above 2200 rating can earn anywhere between 600$ to 2000$ per month on average.

Women Titles in chess

To encourage women’s chess fide introduces women title such as women grandmaster, women international masters, women fide masters, women candidates master, etc. Women’s titles don’t have value compared to men’s titles.

for example, generally, Women Grandmaster which is the top title in chess is weaker than International master or equal to Fide Master. Achieving these titles are very easy compared to open titles. We will cover women’s titles in chess in a separate article.

There are also other titles dedicated to organizers, arbiters, instructors. These titles are like IO, FA, IA, FI, SI, FT, SFT, etc.



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Nimzo Indian Defence – Introduction

What is Nimzo Indian Defence? Against which move is it applicable? Who are the top players to follow in the opening? What are the plans? What are the variations? Is it dynamic or is it Solid? Who invented it?


These are the common questions related to the opening. Speaking about Nimzo Indian Defence, It is one of the most solid openings in reply to 1.d4. Nimzo Indian Defence was developed and implemented by Aron Nimzowitch.. Nimzo Indian is employed by almost all the world champions and with a lot of success. It is one of the safest openings and a lot of positional masterpieces have been produced from this opening.

I have been playing this opening since 2015 and I enjoyed playing it with both colours. I was amused by a lot of plans. Today I plan to discuss the opening brief and I ensure I will come up with some articles based on this opening in future. So let us have a look at what exactly Nimzo Indian move order is.



As we all know we should control the centre right from the start of the opening. A lot of times we try to control it with the pawns but in the case of Nimzo Indian, we control the centre with our pieces. The Dark Bishop goes and pins the Knight on c3 thus stopping white from expanding with e4. The opening keeps on evolving with players making some contribution at regular intervals.


Now we look at the possible variations in Nimzo Indian, all the possible options on 4th move for white.


    1. e3 – The Rubinstein Variation
    2. Qc2 – The Classical Variation
    3. Nf3 – The Kasparov Variation
    4. f3 – The Saemish Variation
    5. a3 – Also known as the Saemish Variation as it leads to same positions
    6. g3- A classical approach to fianchetto.
    7. Bd2- There is no specific name but it is used quite often.


4.e3 – The Rubinstein Variation

Rubinstein Variation provides white with a simple yet lively position. It can be turned into a complex position if white plays a specific move order orelse there are a lot of theorotical lines which have forced draws in this variation.

4.Qc2 – The Classical Variation

Classical Variation has been explored a lot in recent times and is leading to a lot of complicated positions and also, Black must know what he is doing in this line.

4.Nf3 – The Kasparov Variation

The Kasparov Variation is employed to reach hybrid positions from the Queens Indian ( 1d4- Nf6 2.c4-e6 3.Nf3-b6 4. Nc3- Bb4). This also transposes to a lot of other structures like the Hedgehog, or even to the Ragozin and also Maroczy type of positions.

4.f3/a3 – The Saemish Variation

The Saemish is a sharp way to deal with Nimzo Indian and is also trending as it was employed by Caruana against Kirill in Candidates 2020. It is also covered in Moskalenko’s Attacking with 1.d4. Recently those who used to bang their head to find advantage in the Nimzo Indian are trying it out to catch their opponents off-guard.

4. g3- Catalan type approach

A classical approach to fianchetto is more of a positional approach where white aims to transform it into some Catalan type of positions. Black can go for some closed Catalans to play solidly.

4.Bd2. or 4.e3 and 5. Bd2

Bd2 in Nimzo Indian is a variation used by GM Sandipan Chanda. You can have a look at his games to see how things unfold in this line. It is a harmless variation.

There are a lot of move orders to avoid Nimzo Indian Defence.

This was a brief intro of Nimzo Indian, If you are excited and want to look at the games in Nimzo Indian before our next article, you can follow games of Former World Champion Anatoly Karpov, Former World Champion Vishwanathan Anand, Super GM Peter Leko, Super GM Fabiano Caruana, Super GM Vidit Gujrathi.


Those who aim to look for dynamic options, FM Nikhil Dixit has covered Kings Indian Defence in his articles. He shares books, Dvd’s and players to follow is covered. Following are the links of those articles.

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Book Review – Fundamental Chess: Logical Decision Making

Author of the Book – R.B. Ramesh

Publishing Year – 2018

Published By – Metropolitan Chess Publication


Fundamental Chess: Logical Decision Making is one of those books which one can read at any point of life. The book is very instructive and explains the best possible way to practice fundamental chess.

What to Expect?

As the name suggests, this book is all about the thinking process, applying the knowledge of general principles in one’s game. This book is divided into 3 Parts.

  1. Logical Reasoning
  2. Practical Chess Play
  3. Fundamentals of Chess Training

A good amount of concepts are covered in these topics. The narration and analysis are well balanced which is a good blend for people who are reluctant to heavily analysed books.


What is a Unique thing in this Book?


To explain this, I will share my experience when I attended a camp of R.B.Ramesh sir in 2017, organized by I-Lead Chess Academy which is headed by Hemangi Gupta. When I started to read this book, it was a sheer resemblance to Sir’s words from the camp. I felt as if I am attaining his lessons 1-1 while going through the chapters.


For whom will this book suit the best?


Anyone above 1400 up to 2400 is the best-suited group according to me. Especially the tips given at in Part 3 on Fundamentals of Chess Training is useful to everyone.


What did I like?


The words used are very simple and easy to remember during games. Also, the anecdotes given at regular intervals made an impact on me. The material in this book is presented in a very systematic way.


From where can you buy this Book?

 Amazon link for the book is here.

About the Book Author-


GM R.B. Ramesh is a well-known chess coach and also was a strong player before switching to coaching. He was an expert commentator in Carlsen – Anand World Chess Championship 2013. He was also the coach of Indian Team in Chess Olympiad 2018, Batumi, Georgia.


The Publisher –


NM Gupta Ankit is the commissioning editor of  Metropolitan Chess Publication. Their intention is to promote and support the game of chess through community outreach and local, national and international partnerships. They are creating their own DVDs and other chess Content.

Boook Review – Endgame Strategy by Mihail Shereshevsky

Author of the Book – Mikhail Shereshevsky

Publishing Year – 1981

Published By – Everyman chess


What to Expect –

Endgame strategy is one of the best classics. This book was published in the Russian language in 1981. (yes, around 40 years back!) The first English edition was published in 1985 by everyman chess. This book is an attempt to study and systemize certain basic practical principles of the playing of chess endings. This book contains an interesting selection of endings along with classic examples. The author aims in the first instance to explain the course of the struggle, penetrate into the psychology of the players’ actions and to focus readers’ attention.

What is the uniqueness of this book –

This book focuses on complex endgame with many pieces. Positions are also selected carefully. The author covered many topics from pawns to queens. This book also focuses on the problem of exchanges, how to use two bishops, 3 vs 2 pawn structure, etc. It was very difficult to produce any chess book in 1981 but Shereshevsky was the one who published many books at that time.

For whom will this book suit the best?

This book is recommended for those who know basic principles and types of core endgame. This book can be studied from beginner to master and for beginner, those who played 6-8 classical tournaments can check this book.

What did I like about this book?

I find chapter names quite interesting such as, Do not hurry, Principle of two weaknesses, etc. Because every time before we purchase any book, we read the preface and index. I also like the chapter introduction very much. I have completed this book almost 2 times. According to me, this book can be studied repetitively to enjoy the beauty of chess.


From Where Can You Buy This Book?

You can buy this book from amazon. If you are Indian, you will get this book at only 420 rs. We have attached the Amazon link below.

Amazon India –

Amazon (worldwide) –


About the author

The author is one of the strongest players from Byelorussia, who has worked extensively as a trainer. Shereshevsky taught endgame to many young Russian talents. He also worked with Dvoryetsky Mark.


About the publisher

Everyman Chess, formerly known as Cadogan Chess, is a major publisher of books and CDs about chess. “Everyman” is a registered trademark of Random House and the company headquarters is in London. Former World Chess Champion Garry Kasparov is their chief advisor and John Emms is the general editor, assisted by Richard Palliser. The company is now known as “Gloucester Publishers”.

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Unusual Chess Puzzles – Part 2

Today we present you with 2nd puzzle of the series Unusual Chess Puzzle. Check the previous puzzle here. Today’s puzzle is unique in its own way. The best part of such puzzles is that you just need to know how the pieces move. No need to have a rating or huge experience in chess. You can solve it through logical thinking. So let me present you the puzzle.

Puzzle –

In this puzzle, white will play his 4 moves f3, Kf2, Kg3, Kh4. Black has to make legal moves and checkmate white on 4th move. You have the liberty to make any random moves with black to deliver a checkmate. Below I will show the diagram of moves for those who are not familiar with the notation in chess.

Starting position. Here white starts with 1.f3
Position after 4 moves.

Those who don’t know the notation can play through the moves on lichess and paste the notation in the comments section!

Try solving this puzzle for at least 3 days before checking the answer below.

1 – f3 e5

2- Kf2 Qf6

3- Kf3 Qf3 

4- Kh4 Be7#

For improvement in your tactical play, here are some books that highly recommended by chessarticle –