Pawn structure plays important role in chess. When you go beyond Chess Rules. When you place your pawns you should be careful, such as isolated, doubled, or backward pawns and holes, once created, are usually permanent. Care must therefore be taken to avoid them. We have to study a variety of pawn formations for all the opening. There is one book on the pawn structure which I would like to suggest. The name of the book is Pawn Structure Chess. You can get more details by clicking here.
1- Pawn chain is important
A pawn chain is two or more diagonally linked pawns. Pawn chains are generally unbreakable. If you are able to set up a d4-e5-f6 pawn chain (from white) then most likely you will get an advantage in the game. Pawn chains co-ordinate the whole board. Understanding the pawn chain in a particular opening that you play is also a must. This also links to how well your pieces can co-ordinate in a game as the pieces can flow easily with a good pawn chain.
2- Don’t push your pawns too much before developing pieces.
First, you should develop pieces properly and then should develop pawns. In opening If you pushed your paws too much then it can cost your result. A bad pawn structure creates many weaknesses. There is a famous principle do not hurry, That principle can be useful here.
3 – Grab opponent pawns whenever possible.
There are many gambit lines where you have 2 options to take and to not take. My suggestion will be to take pawn every time whenever possible. Because there are very rare chances that your opponent will play perfect moves and you will get nothing. When the opponent gives 1-2 pawns sacrifice, After this he has to play very accurately except some case. One of the best examples is the smith-morra gambit in Sicilian defence. Every time you should take c3 pawn in mora gambit. We will discuss the mora gambit in a different article.
4- Don’t play gambit lines (For beginner)
A gambit in chess means the player gives sacrifice, mostly pawn sacrifice. Generally, Gambit lines are risky and you should not play such lines if you are a beginner. The major problem of playing the gambit line is, in opening only you become pawn down, and then if you play some move wrong or the player played some best moves then the position becomes equal and you simply become pawn down.
5- Keep your pawns on 6th rank
If you are able to keep your pawn on 6th rank then that pawn is equivalent to a piece. Generally try to cover squares like a6,c6,f6,h6. 6th rank pawns can change position evaluation anytime. That’s why you see many top games in a blitz with 2nd or 3rd move H4 with a plan to h5 and h6.
6- Try to create passed pawns.
In chess, a passed pawn is a pawn with no opposing pawns to prevent it from advancing to the eighth rank. Creating passed pawns is one of the chess skills you have to develop. Passed pawns can be an advantage because only the opponent’s pieces can stop them from promoting. There is a very famous passed pawn example below.
7- Try to grab centre with pawns
Center squares are very important. The player should try to grab the centre square with pawns. Especially those who are beginner players then he should play 1 e4 or 1 d4. Generally, when you grab the centre with your pawns the pieces can free flow to any direction we want.
These were the general tips on Basic Rules of pawns one must to while playing Chess.